최종 수정일: 2022년 4월 7일
Iranian Damask rose, known in Iran as Mohammadi flower. Mohammadi rose is a perennial plant of the genus Rosa and the Rosaceae family. it has beautiful flowers in a variety of colors, mostly red and pink. Iranians make rosewater from these fresh petals. Most species are native to Asia, and some species are native to Europe, North America, and Northwest Africa.
Iranian Damask rose with the scientific name of Rosa damascena is a deciduous shrub. iranians cultivate this flower for a long time. its consumable parts are the petals and the buds. This flower is a type of rose. In Isfahan and Kashan, natives take rosewater from them and some of them are distilled. also one can dehydrate these flowers and store them in bulk in order to export as wholesale.
Appearance characteristics of Mohammadi flower (Iranian Damask rose)
Iranian Damask rose has 7 leaves and rarely 9 toothed petals and its petals are light pink or white. The flowers are bright pink with 32 identical pink petals that begin to appear in the early morning. There are 5 sepals, at least three of which have large appendages at the edges.
Flowering time in Iran is from early May to early July. And in each area, the flowers take 20-30 days to open. The flowers last for a maximum of one day, after which the bright pink color of the petals turns white, and with a slight breeze, the petals fill and fall off.
Iranian Damask rose is grown in which regions of Iran?
Areas of Mohammadi flower (Iranian Damask rose) cultivation are mostly mountainous areas. appropriate climate for damask rose is arid and semi-arid climate with mild and dry summers and cold winters.
Currently, iranians cultivate Mohammadi flowers in 14 provinces of Iran. the most important of provinces are Kerman, Fars (Meymand), Isfahan (Kashan), And East Azerbaijan. natives widely produce Damask roses in these provinces. so in addition to preparing essential oils and roses, they also mainly sell or export them in the form of dried petals and buds. In other provinces, cultivation is more scattered.
How to obtain Mohammadi Rose essential oil and rose in Iran
Simultaneously with spring and the months of May and June, Mohammadi flowers perfume the surrounding environment with a pleasant aroma. At this time, various traditional and industrial rosewater-making workshops in different places, with distillation equipment, pick the flowers every morning, before the bud is fully open, and distill them in different pots with water vapor.
after dehydration, operators separate The resulting essential oil, which accumulates in the upper part of the fabric. they keep it away from light in closed jars. they supply essential oil in containers covered with felt. they use the remaining water from the distillation process as Rose Water for various uses. they obtain About 3 kg of essential oil from every 3000 kg.
Rose essential oil, one of the most valuable products of Iranian Damask roses
Rose essential oil is one of the most famous perfumes that is widely used in perfumery and other cosmetic products (tooth powder and various ointments) as a fragrance. Most of the essential oil of damask rose is used as a heart strengthener and syrup. Damask rose Produced in the Balkans, France, Turkey, Morocco, Spain and Iran.
Rosewater making industry in Iran
Ancient Iran has been famous for its rosewater-making industry for a long time, and this country was considered the main center of roses and aromatic plants. in old times, Most rosewater production workshops have been in Meymand and Firoozabad, Fars province.
Currently, the cities of Kashan and Kerman also produce high quality Iranian Damask rose. The most famous Iranian Damask rose is related to Qamsar Kashan. Which is one of the main and important producers of rose market. Today, with the combination of modern and traditional methods, the quality and amount of production of Iranian Damask rose has increased. However, the traditions of the past are still preserved and festivals such as Golabgiri and flower picking continue every year. In most parts of Iran, Iranian Damask rose is cultivated naturally and organically, and the use of pesticides, pesticides and industrial fertilizers is extremely low. This guarantees the health and quality of Iranian roses.
What should those who do not have access to fresh Mohammadi flowers (Iranian Damask rose) do?
Fresh Damask roses are mostly used to produce rose water and essential oil, but for more storage and in order to export them, the petals and buds of Mohammadi flower are dried to have both more durability and significantly reduce their weight. Dried rose petals and buds are sold in bulk and people in countries that do not have access to fresh flowers can use them to make following products:
Prepare the dried petals of Damask rose and use its products (click).
Dried buds of damask rose can be used similar to dried petals.
Also non-Iranians can procure Iranian rosewater and add it as a fragrance to foods, syrups, tea, drinking water, etc.